Nepal is a small landlocked country that lies between two big nations India and China. Nepal is the country of the Himalayas. Spread over an area of 147181 SqKm, it integrates three different regions: the Himalayan, Hilly, and Terai regions. These regions are different because of their geographical structure.
The Himalayan region is the region of high Himalayan ranges. It comprises 16% of the total land area. This region is cold. The weather here is uncertain and the land here is not good for agriculture because of its less infertility. Thus, it is the least populated region. Sherpa people are the major inhabitants of this region.
The highest peak in the world Mt. Everest, 8848m lies in the Himalayan region in Nepal. The Everest region is highly popular for trekking, peak climbing, and expedition in the world.
The Hilly region lies in between the Himalayan and Terai regions. This region spreads in 65% of the total land area. The hilly region is more populated than the Himalayan region. There are many remote places that have very difficult topology and primitive facilities. Gurung, Magar, Newar, Brahmin, and Chhetri live in this region. The hilly region consists of forests, variable landscapes, and some conservation areas.
Terai region is the most fertile region. It covers 17% of the total land area in Nepal. Terai region has plain lands and dense forests. Terai is the grain house of Nepal. Due to its highly fertile land, Terai is the best place for agriculture. There are lots of industries in this region.
Due to diverse geography, a wide range of climates prevails in Nepal. This is the reason why Nepal has a diverse flora and fauna. There are 2% of flower species, 8% of faunal species and 4% of mammal species, 500 species of butterflies, and 600 indigenous plant families in Nepal.