What is Trekking? Why and How to Trek in Nepal?

  • Kishwor Adhikari
  • Last Updated on Jun 4, 2024

What is Trekking? Why and How to Trek in Nepal?

The literal definition for trekking goes as “a form of walking that is undertaken with the specific purpose of exploring the scenery usually in areas of relatively unspoiled wilderness”. Well, that's who trekking in Wikipedia is defined. 

Although it’s just another word for walking, we would like to define trekking in Nepal as exploring the remoteness and wilderness of the mountain region on foot. Trekking is a popular outdoor adventure for travel freaks who wish the push their limit to the extreme. 

While hiking in Nepal, many people confuse trekking with Mountaineering. Well, it’s two different things. Nepal Mountaineering means dwelling to the mountain peaks using the ropes and all which is a completely different experience. On other hand, hiking/ trekking is just walking in the mountains and enjoying most out of the adventures during the journey.

In some form or other, trekking activities have been our way of life, it carries a great history. For the people living in rough hill and mountain terrains, trekking is a part of daily life chores. But for the travel enthusiasts, it is about witnessing a different lifestyle, enjoying the remoteness, and finding their peace in nature.

Table of Contents

How to trek in Nepal?

Trekking around Nepal is a way of seeing the mountain, its history, people, and nature. Once you land at Tribhuwan International Airport in Kathmandu, you can be hiking to any place you wish. The easiest way is to book your trekking in Nepal even before you land in Kathmandu. Or you can just arrive here and then look for the appropriate trekking package in Nepal.  Once you get the package "how to trek" is really not of concern, everything will be arranged.  

You can also trek on your own without booking any trekking package. For that, you need to issue a TIMS (Trekking Information Management System) card and other permits according to the region you wish to explore. And then look for a guide and a porter, buy necessary trekking gear and food, make some booking in the region you will be trekking, and so on. After such preparation, get a map and then start to trek to the Himalayas.

Why trekking in Nepal?

Now, if you are still thinking why should I trek in Nepal, let us say why trekking in the Himalayas is an amazing idea. We can give you thousands of reasons to make you believe that Nepal is a must-visit destination. Nepal has 8 out of 10 tallest mountain ranges in the world and it’s the second richest county in water resources. These mountains are the place where the greatest sages and gurus found their purpose of life and peace of time. 

The drastic changes in the landscape and the rich bio-diversity in flora and fauna will keep you engaged. Within a small area, Nepal has over 10 UNESCO worldheritage sites and you can all explore them. You will literally be living in the houses of local people and eating the food grown in their own house. The people are so welcoming and frank that you will literally feel the warmth of home. If these reasons are not enough for you, we can tell you a thousand more.

Benefits /Importance of Trekking

If you ask "is trekking difficult" the answer is "yeah, kind of". But in the end, hiking is worth it. The benefit of hiking is not just limited to building the strength of your body and improved physical condition. Along with the improvement in mental and social health, the benefits of trekking are overall changes in the lifestyle. 

So, yeah trekking good for health. Let's list out some importance of trekking.

  • Reduces Stress: Detached from the digital world and hectic lifestyle of yours, the benefit of the hike is mostly related to reducing stress.
  • Improves cardiovascular strength: Trekking in remote high altitude slopes of Nepal is great for your body cardiovascular strength, 
  • Social benefits: Interaction with the locals during the trek and the opportunity to make new friends and know a lot of people during the trek is a great importance of trek. It will be a chance to take your social skills to next level. You will also get to learn some new languages and lifestyles.
  • Cultural Understanding: Trekking in a culturally diverse country like Nepal will build a great understanding of different cultures and traditions.
  • Inner Cleanse: And lastly, it’s a rejuvenating experience for the soul.

Types of Trekking

Depending upon your need and intention, trekking can be of different types. Trek can be short and luxurious or long and wild. Different kinds of trek have their own perks. So, what are the types of Trekking in Nepal? Let’s read. 

Tea House Trek

This is the most popular form of trekking in the mountain trails of Nepal. In this type of trek, you will accommodate yourself in the local build houses with a small wooden room, two single beds, and a shared bathroom. Here, you will get to have a warm dinner at night and breakfast in the morning before you leave the house. It’s a great opportunity to connect with locals and witness their lifestyle from close.

Tea house trekking in Nepal is mostly done on routes like Everest, Annapurna, Langtang, Manaslu, and the Dolpo region. Some newly opened mountain trekking trails are also building tea houses for the ease of trekkers.

Camping Trek

On the trails that are very remote and thus less visited, you need to set your camp at the end of the trek. Your guide will help you find an appropriate location for the trek. Then you can set the camp and cook the food you carried all the way. Camping trek is popular in the region like Kanchenjunga, Dhaulagiri, Limi Valley, Makalu, and so on

Service Trek

Trekking in Nepal is not just about adventure. You can also include some service and volunteering activities for the people during your journey. Hiking to remote Nepal and delivering needed medicine, warm clothes, book, sanitary products, setting health camps, and many other service actives are the goal of service trek in Nepal. Such trek can be done in any region of Nepal you want to explore. This is also easy trekking and useful to the Nepali community.

Trekking Regions in Nepal

No idea about "where to trek in Nepal? or" when to trek in Nepal?"

Nepal is literally the paradise for travel freaks. There are so many awesome remote mountain paths that you can explore. The options are unlimited and so is the experience. Each region has its own perks that cannot be found in any other trekking region. You can either go for a month-long trek in the east or just wander around the street of Pokhara and Kathmandu. Jungle trekking is also popular in Nepal. 

No matter which region you trek, you can enjoy the friendliness of the people, enjoy the magnetism of the mountains, and be at peace with yourself. Could you ask or want for anything more?

Let’s have a look at the most popular trekking regions in Nepal in detail.

Everest Region

Great trekking terrain! In this trek, you will get to stand face-to-face with the highest mountain in the world– Mountain Everest (8,848.86 m). Also, you will see multiple other majestic peaks above 6000 that all lie together to give you a panoramic view. During this trek to Everest base camp also get to meet the Sherpa people who are renowned for their climbing skills. In short, this is a fantastic trekking experience.

You can just trek up to the base camp or make it even more adventurous with trek passes trek and Gokyo Ri trek. There’s Kala Patthar at 5,600 meters which is a vantage point providing fantastic views. Among the tea house trekking trail in Nepal, the Everest region is the most classic and most popular option.

 Annapurna Region

With so many easy trekking trail options, Annapurna is a wonderful trekking area in the foothills of the Himalayan. This trek includes everything that trekking meaning in English shows. 

The Annapurna region trek leads you to the Alpine forests in the highland from the lush pastures in the lowlands. The barren desert-like terrains of Manang and Mustang along with the wonderful landscape of base camp is the major highlight of this trek. You cannot miss exploring villages like Poonhill and Ghandruk. And for the bonus, you have every route that promises a majestic view of the different Himalayas in the Annapurna range. This particular trek offers a chance to accumulate as many memories as you like to.

Thorong La Pass, Kali Gandaki Gorge- deepest in the world, Muktinath temple, Tilicho lake- lake situated at the highest altitude, Rupse Waterfall, and Natural hot spring in Tatopani are some of the additional perks for trekking in the Annapurna Region. The trek begins in the beautiful city of Pokhara.

Langtang Region

Close to the capital of Nepal, the Langtang Valley trek definition is a prodigious trekking route. During the trek, you get to visit the glaciers and snow-capped located at a short distance from Kathmandu. As one walks further through the pine forests, stony streams, grassy meadows, and wide pastures, they feel rejuvenated. Around two weeks of the trek in the popular Langtang Valley is a once-in-a-lifetime experience. 

Expect amazing bio-diversity, you get to have panoramic views of mountains such as Mt. Langtang-Ri, Langtang Himal, and Gajala Peak. This trek starts from Syabrubesi which is located an 8 hours drive from Kathmandu. Then you will enter deep inside the valley on foot.

Kanchenjunga Region

Kanchenjunga Region in the easternmost part of Nepal is still a very remote trekking path. The trail passes through the tropical lowlands and lush forests of Rhododendron. As you enjoy the picturesque view of northern hill settlements, one passes through the villages of Tibetan tribes such as Rais, and Limbus. 

Kanchenjunga trek means enjoying the rich biodiversity of the Kanchanjunga Conservation area while wandering on the border of Sikkim and Tibet is the major highlight of this trek. You can explore Ghunsa, Lonak, and Pang Pema Base Camp along with Kanchenjunga North or South Base Camp. You will also get to explore the Yalung glacier. 

While other treks mentioned in the list is mostly tea house trekking, Kanchenjunga Region is ideal for camping trekking. Imagine wandering in a beautiful landscape for the day, setting the camp as the evening falls, cooking your dinner, and sleeping with millions of stars above your head. Sounds amazing, doesn’t it?

Dolpo Region

Looking for a long, unique, and life-changing trekking opportunity in the remote region of Nepal? Then Dolpo trek is the ideal destination for you. Lower Dolpo trek can be short and easy, but the experience of Upper Dolpo Trek is more than amazing. This high-altitude region in the far-west of Nepal is culturally influenced by Tibet. 

Get an adventurous peek into the wonderful hidden valleys of Nepal in the rain shadow areas. In the spring, you get to witness the Yarsagumba Hunt. The trek begins from Jhupal, 2285 meters, and passes through different giant peaks. Stunning views of Dhaulagiri, Tibetan Peaks, and High passes like Kang La and Saldang La is the major highlight of the trek. Initially, you begin to walk along with the terrace farms that slowly change into the arid landscapes and gorges of the Dolpo. Lastly, you cannot miss Shey Phoksundo Lake- the deepest lake in Nepal

Risks and Prevention of Trek

 Nepal is without a doubt one of the safest countries for trekking. But that doesn’t mean you shouldn’t be prepared for an emergency. First and foremost, understand that you will be at risk of trekking in Nepal at a very high altitude (4000m to 6000m). So, the risk of altitude trekking is always high in Nepal. 

The risk of sore legs, painful body, headaches, and bruises are also high. That’s why you will need travel insurance that covers high-altitude helicopter rescue before you come to Nepal. Trekking in Nepal with an experienced guide and letting the porter carry the excess bag will be very helpful for you.

How to Prepare for Trekking in Nepal?

Nepal has all kinds of trek ranging from an easy day hike to a month-long trek in the mountain. You will not need any former experience for an easy trek such as Everest View Trek, Annapurna Base camp, Mardi trek, and so on. But if you aim to go for a difficult trek, you will need some solid preparation.

To prepare for trekking in Nepal, it’s ideal to practice some running and low height hiking in your own county. You need to build your strength through activities like a short hike, cycling, and swimming. Along with training, you need to know about the region you will be visiting. Surfing through Google or interacting with anyone been to that region will be very helpful. And then you need to prepare for the visa and start shopping for trekking gear. You might also want to book your Nepal trek package before getting a flight ticket.

Best Time for Trekking in Nepal

To be honest, you can trek to Nepal at any time of the year. But if you can align your trekking region with the climate of Nepal, the experience would be wonderful. For example, you can trek to Annapurna and Everest region in spring and Autumn. Autumn with crystal views of the mountains makes some most popular trek in Nepal. Spring is wonderful with different wildflower blooms. At this time, the temperature in the base camp is bearable and the weather is also most stable

Summer trek in Nepal is fun in the regions beyond the Himalayas such as Mustang, Manang, Upper Dolpo, and so on. These places only experience slight rainfall. A lower altitude trek is good for winter as the high altitude is all covered in the snow. Expect some high altitude passes, the trekking path is open during any time of the trek. These high passes are mostly closed in the winter.

Any age limit for trekking in Nepal?

A huge NO !There is not any age limit for who can trek in Nepal. As long as you are physically fit and want to take the risk, you are free to trek in any part of Nepal. Nepal Tourism Board issues TIMS (Trekkers Information Management System) cards and permits for people of any age group. If you are thinking about trekking with family in Nepal or trekking with Kids in Nepal, just go for it. 

How much does it cost to trek in Nepal?

Nepal is rated as one of the cheapest destinations for bag packers. The cost of trekking in Nepal depends solely on your itinerary and the need for luxury. On average, per day trekking cost in Nepal will be around $30 to $50 per person for food and accommodation. The food at higher altitudes costs around $6-$10 per meal and the cost of the room is $5 per night on average. 

Now add the cost of the Permit (which is usually less than $50), guide and porter ($25 each/day), and transportation cost. The longer you stay, the higher you pay. Also, some region like Annapurna is relatively cheaper than Everest. Camping trek cost almost twice in comparison to the tea house trek. Trekking in a group or getting a travel package for trekking in Nepal will lower your cost. You must have got a basic idea of the cost of trekking in Nepal.


Lastly, we can claim that Nepal is a country that definitely deserves to be at the top of your bucket list. Taste the unique flavor of life as you let your soul wander in the peace of the Himalayas. 

Any queries?

Contact us or leave your questions in the comment below. We will be more than happy to address your issues.

Kishwor Adhikari

Kishwor Adhikari

Call us on WhatsApp+977 9851045078OrChat with us