Cultural Tourism in Nepal

  • Kishwor Adhikari
  • Last Updated on Jun 4, 2024

A country rich in natural beauty and world heritage sites, Nepal invites thousands of tourists every year also through its rich culture. Cultural tourism is also a major source of tourism for Nepal. If you are wondering about what cultural tourism means, let us explain it to you. As explained in Wikipedia, Cultural tourism is the subset of tourism concerned with a traveler's engagement with a country or region's culture, specifically the lifestyle of the people in those geographical areas, the history of those people, their art, architecture, religion(s), and other elements that helped shape their way of life.

Culture of Nepal is reflected specially through sacred pilgrimage sites, historical monuments and memorials. Different parts of Nepal has its own cultural settings. Some of the important aspects of Nepali culture are tradition, religion, beliefs, language and people. Cultural tourism has been very important to Nepal ever since tourists started to visit this country.

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Destinations That Has Been Flourishing Cultural Tourism In Nepal

Upper Mustang Trek

The very popular destination for trekking in Nepal, Upper Mustang, is also known for its rich culture. This is why the region is gaining popularity among places for cultural tourism in Nepal. The Upper Mustang trek allows you to explore the Mustang region nestled between the Dhaulagiri and the Annapurna range. While trekking through the Upper Mustang route, you’ll pass through many barren ridges, deep canyons, bare cliffs and moraines, and the ancient kingdom of Mustang.

Cultural tourism flourishes in this region mainly to explore the old kingdom of Lo. This kingdom is mesmerized by the 16th-century monasteries full of vivid colors, ruins of old forts, caves, and a square-walled town. Apart from the majestic sceneries of the mountains, you will be thrilled by the ancient forts, walled medieval villages, and monasteries rich in Buddhist art. Since Mustang is surrounded by Tibet on three sides, you can feel the very rich traditional Tibetan culture in this region.

upper mustang

Also, Mustang was a separate kingdom within the boundaries of Nepal until 1950. The last king, the Raja of Mustang, still has his home in the ancient capital known as Lo Manthang.

During your Upper Mustang trek, you’ll also be able to encounter the way of life of the mountain people. These people have had very less contact with the rest of Nepal and thus have been able to retain their rich cultural heritage.

Everest Panorama Trek

Everest Panorama Trek is the most loved trekking destination among the people traveling for trekking in Nepal. This route has been highly promoting cultural tourism in Nepal. Through the Everest Panorama Trek, one can view the wonderful Himalayan range of Mt. Everest, Amadablam, Nuptse, Lhotse, and many more. Everest cultural trekking involving about 8 days or 12 days of packages leads you to stunning panoramic views of high mountains and observation of culture. This trek is specially designed for those who do not have long holidays or for those who have problems walking at high altitudes.

The cultural tour to Everest View Trek starts with a beautiful flight from the capital to Lukla. From here, you need to trek up to Namche Bazar, Tyangboche (famous for its monastery), and into the Khumjung village, a very nice settlement of Sherpas people. Cultural tourism in the Everest region introduces you to the Sherpa country and its culture with great mountain views.

Everest Panorama Trek

The cultural tourism in this region is derived by the rich Sherpa culture. The Everest Panorama trek will take you to the wonderful Sherpa village which is home to many Everest summiteers. The Sherpa culture and their lifestyle, old monasteries, Sherpa traditional dance, Lama dance, etc are the major attractions of this cultural tour.

Manaslu Tsum Valley Trek

This isolated valley in the Manaslu region combines two different trails that are a real form of adventure. The Manaslu Tsum Valley trek goes through the off-the-beaten trail that will allow you to experience the living Buddhist culture and undisturbed wildlife. The locals of this region are known as Tsumbas. Being isolated from the rest of Nepal, these people have been able to preserve their unique and distinct traditions and traditional lifestyles. 

Manaslu Tsum Valley Trek

After exploring the Tsum Valley, the trek takes you to the Manaslu region through Larke Pass (5160m). The Manaslu Tsum Valley trek gets more challenging as you pass villages as Sama Gaun, Samdo and others. From this point, you can enjoy the astounding panoramas of the Manaslu Peak, Buddha Himal, Himal Chuli, and the Ganesh Himal. It descends to the Annapurna region, known as the Marshyangi valley, and ends the trek. Vivid Gumpas like Rachen, Mu Lungdang, ancient carved stones, Mani walls, Himalayan views, and Tibetan culture are some of the major highlights of this trek.

The Manaslu Tsum valley region, very famous for deriving cultural tourism is highly influenced by the Buddhist culture which is reflected in their Buddhist tradition and the way of living of people. People in this region speak their own unique dialogue, wear their traditional warm dress, and usually eat their traditional meals.

Nar Phu Valley Trek

Equally rich in nature and culture, the Nar Phu valley trek is a challenging trek that best suits only to trekkers with sound physical condition. Nar Phu valley is one of Nepal’s remote and beautiful untouched region in Annapurna. The difficult trail of Nar Phu Valley Trek comprises narrow canyons, pleasant lush vegetation, amazing rock strewn paths, yak grazed lands and yaks, sacred monasteries, elevated Kang La Pass and authentic cultures of the natives of the Himalayas.


Nar Phu Valley was opened for tourists in the year 2003 and trekking in this region needs special permit because it is listed in the restricted area by Government of Nepal. Nar Phu is ethnically filled with Tibetan inhabitants with high Himalayas. The major attraction of the Nar Phu valley trek is the famous Tashi Lhakhang Gompa where trekkers seek blessings from Lama Karma Sonam Rimpoche.  Similarly, cultural tourism in the Nar Phu trek also introduces you to the medieval Tibetan culture that is intact in its undisturbed form.

From the top of Kangla pass, can enjoy magnificent view of Annapurna II, Gangapurna, Tilicho peak with many other snow-covered mountains.

Tamang Heritage Trek

One of the newly discovered trails for trekking in Nepal, the Tamang Heritage Trek takes you through the beautiful Tamang villages in Langtang. The Tamang Heritage Trek usually comprising of 11 days route is a great introduction to the beautiful Langtang Valley Trek and the culture of the Tamang community. In the route to this trek, you can enjoy the beautiful panoramic views of Mt. Ganesh and Langtang range which lies in the northern part of Kathmandu near Langtang National Park.

During the Tamang Heritage Trek, you’ll discover the Tibetan history and Tibetan culture deep routed in this region. Most of the Tamang settlements can be found in the Langtang region. This culture is also reflected in the attractive colorful costumes of the locals and also in the beautifully word carved houses. The cultural tourism in this region is flourished by the stories the trekkers share regarding the Syabru, Mane and other thrilling local dances at Goljung, Brimdang and Gatlang villages which are located near the Tibetan border. Also, you can experience the famous Tamang Hospitality at Birddim. 

Tamang Heritage Trek

Besides Tamang culture and festivals, the trekkers can also enjoy the natural beauty of Langtang region. Get ready to be mesmerized by stunning glimpse of the beautiful mountains such as Langtang Lirung (7246m.), Gang Chhenpo (6388m.), Naya Kangri (5846m.), Yala peak (5700m.) and Dorje Lhakpa (6966m.) during your Tamang Heritage trek.

Rolwaling Trek

TheRolwaling Trektakes you to the remote and wilderness of hidden Rolwaling valley between Everest range and Langtang range. Rolwaling trek allows you be mesmerized by the stunning views of Mt Everest, Langtang, Gaurishankar Himal, Dorje Lakpa and Jugal Himal. The cultural tourism in this region is also influenced by its rich culture and attractions like nunnery monastery called Bigu Gompa, the festival of Mani Rimdu in the Tengboche monastery, Sherpa village, beautiful landscapes, hidden valley of Rolwaling, Tso Rolpa Lake, etc.

The most exciting part of Rolwaling trek is that this is a purely Camping trek where you do not find tea house and lodges on the way. Since this is also one of the most difficult treks in Nepal you must be physically for trekking in this region. During the trek, you pass through pristine glaciers, high passes, snow-fed lakes, Tamang and Sherpa villages, monasteries hidden valley, rugged mountains etc.  As a part of cultural tourism, this trek also offers unique opportunity to pass through traditional Sherpa and Brahmin villages.

Breeze Adventure, based in Kathmandu, Nepal is one of the leading treks and tours in Nepal that caters various destination in Nepal, Tibet, and Bhutan. The company is government-authorized and also associated with TAAN (Trekking Agencies Association of Nepal). Breeze Adventures provide excellent services to our clients with no hidden costs, making sure that our partners and clients get the highest quality experience with our dedicated and compassionate team. The company also specializes in designing various cultural tourism related packages including the package to explore various destinations popular for cultural tourism in Nepal. Do contact them if you are planning for trekking in Nepal soon.

Kishwor Adhikari

Kishwor Adhikari

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